By Paul G. Harris
This booklet analyses the household politics, overseas coverage and diplomacy of weather swap in East and Southeast Asia. The nations of this significant quarter are usually disproportionately stricken by weather swap and, as they extend and enhance, their contribution to the matter grows.
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Extra resources for Global Warming and East Asia: The Domestic and International Politics of Climate Change
Much of East Asia falls into this latter area. Global warming: causes and resulting climate change The most authoritative reports on the causes and consequences of climate change come from the IPCC, particularly its 1995 Second Assessment Report (SAR) Priorities for East Asia 21 (Bruce et al. 1996; Houghton et al. 1996; Watson et al. 1996) and its 2001 Third Assessment Report (TAR) (IPCC 2001; see Albritton et al. 2001; and IPCC Working Group II 2001). The latter report refined the findings of the first assessment, pointing out that climate change is likely to be worse and occur more rapidly than initially predicted (see National Research Council et al.
For example, the World Bank reported that Chinese research has estimated that a 1-meter rise in sea level would inundate 92,000 square kilometers of China’s coast, displacing 67 million people (and more as population increases) (World Bank 1997). According to one assessment, future climate change will reduce soil moisture in China, particularly in the north, and this will increase the demand for agricultural irrigation, which will in turn add to existing severe water shortages. In short, “Possible impacts of climate change on Chinese agriculture could be highly disruptive …” (Nielson and McElroy 1998: 24).
This change influenced Japan’s position during and after the negotiation of the protocol. Kameyama argues that Japan’s position on climate change will continue to be influenced by the foreign policy process. Its greater willingness to be involved in the global climate change debate is likely to continue if its involvement at the international level remains as it has been in recent years. The converse is plausible, however, if its role at the international level changes. The priorities and future options for Japan’s climate change diplomacy are examined by Jusen Asuka-Zhang in Chapter 8.