Download Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Vegetable Brassicas by Jan Sadowski, Chittaranjan Kole PDF

By Jan Sadowski, Chittaranjan Kole

Due to their variety, vegetable Brassicas are of serious fiscal import and provide designated possibilities to counterpoint our wisdom approximately plant progress, improvement, and swift phenotypic evolution. through employing rising genomic applied sciences, we may possibly enormously raise our realizing of the Brassica biology and breeding potency. This quantity includes eleven chapters contributed by means of 34 experts with broad event in genetics, molecular breeding, and genomics of vegetable Brassicas. fresh achievements and new applied sciences awarded during this booklet will supply help to extra study the genetics and genomics of vegetable Brassica plants and facilitate their genetic improvement.

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Extra resources for Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Vegetable Brassicas

Example text

3 Glucosinolates In the past decade, much interest has been devoted to the positive effects of glucosinolates. Glucosinolates are a class of phytochemicals that are present in the Brassicaceae family, whose breakdown products are reported to possess cancer preventive activity, as well as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial (Helicobacter pylori), cardioprotection properties (Rosa 1999; Mithen et al. 2000; Fahey et al. 2001; Smith et al. 2005; Traka and Mithen 2008). Research impetus was initially generated when the breakdown products were found to be partly responsible for the characteristic flavor of Brassica vegetables (Fenwick et al.

At physiological pH, isothiocyanates are the major products, whereas nitriles are formed at more acid pH (Halkier and Du 1997). As components of feed and food, some glucosinolates degradation products have been recognized for long for their distinctive benefits to human nutrition and plant defense. This feature has led to considering Brassica foods as possible functional foods. The term “functional foods” describes foods that, if they are normal dietary constituents, can provide sufficient amounts of bioactive components that are valuable for health improvement.

1995; Padilla et al. 2005; Zhao et al. 2005). In contrast, such diversity has not been found in vegetable B. napus (Cartea et al. 2005; Rodríguez et al. 2005; Soengas et al. 2006). In Brassica crops, as it also happens in most crops, the pressure for more intensive agriculture has led to a progressive reduction of the natural genetic diversity within the gene pool of each crop, which is a process called “genetic erosion”. Besides, breeding programs have led to a reduction of the allelic variation in modem elite varieties.

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