Download Freedom Rising: Human Empowerment and the Quest for by Christian Welzel PDF

By Christian Welzel

This ebook provides a complete idea of why human freedom gave approach to expanding oppression because the invention of states - and why this pattern started to opposite itself extra lately, resulting in a swift growth of common freedoms and democracy. Drawing on a big physique of facts, the writer exams quite a few reasons of the increase of freedom, delivering convincing help of a well-reasoned idea of emancipation. The research demonstrates a number of traits towards human empowerment, which converge to offer humans keep an eye on over their lives. most crucial between those tendencies is the unfold of "emancipative values," which emphasize loose selection and equivalent possibilities. the writer identifies the need for emancipation because the beginning of the human empowerment pattern and indicates whilst and why this wish grows robust; why it's the resource of democracy; and the way it vitalizes civil society, feeds humanitarian norms, complements happiness, and is helping redirect sleek civilization towards sustainable improvement.

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Additional resources for Freedom Rising: Human Empowerment and the Quest for Emancipation

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This evidence supports the contagion thesis of my theory of emancipation. The thesis assumes that, if given the chance, human effort directs itself toward more rather than less empowerment. This is why globalization makes human empowerment contagious: perforating people’s ignorance, it gives them a chance to see how prosperous and free people live elsewhere and to refer to these achievements as a justification to mobilize for change in their own places. Introduction 17 Ironically, at the moment when human empowerment begins to globalize, the very success of this process threatens to destroy its own fundament.

On the contrary, national differences in emancipative values dwarf the within-societal differences. For instance, even though university graduates are, in every nation, somewhat more emancipatory than the median resident, we find the same cross-national differences among university graduates as we find among median residents. The reason for this pattern is that people’s emancipative values take shape on the basis of the action resources that are most common in their country, and not so much on the basis of action resources that they have on top of what most others in their country have.

I argue that human empowerment became the lead theme of the civilization process very late in history, demarcating a striking discontinuity: the Great Redirection. The Great Redirection marks a sharp turn in the direction in which civilization was moving, from perfecting human exploitation to advancing human empowerment. This did not happen until the “Rise of the Atlantic West” to global dominance in about 1450–1500 CE. Compared to Mediterranean Europe, the Middle East, India, China, and the Amerindian civilizations, the Atlantic West was a belated civilization.

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