Download Franklin D. Roosevelt: The New Deal and War (Lancaster by Michael Heale PDF

By Michael Heale

This compact learn assesses the character, political and monetary guidelines in warfare and peace, of America's longest-serving president and the most vital political figures of the 20th century, Franklin. D. Roosevelt. additionally offering an outline of the the USA over which Roosevelt presided, the ebook deals a concise survey of either household and international affairs.

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There were other measures of the first hundred days, among them an act to protect homeowners from mortgage foreclosures and the Glass-Steagall Act to reform the banking system (among other things it boosted customers’ confidence in banks by guaranteeing their deposits). Yet despite the frenetic activity, recovery did not follow swiftly. As the winter of 1933–34 loomed, Roosevelt secured another emergency measure, the Civil Works Administration (CWA), to provide work relief for the needy, exceptionally without a means test.

Playwright (and Roosevelt speechwriter) Robert Sherwood spoke of the president’s ‘heavily forested interior’ and thought him ‘spiritually the healthiest man I have ever known’. Unlike some presidents, Roosevelt was not in awe of grand heads of state, captains of industry, or distinguished intellectuals, nor ill at ease with ordinary folk. His patrician background and early personal crises seemed to bequeath him a serenity that allowed him to deal with people of all ranks with equanimity. This enabled Roosevelt both to stand up to pressure and to make use of a remarkable range and depth of talent.

By European standards, it could almost be said, the United States did not possess a central government. The veteran American diplomat George Kennan once recalled of his early boyhood days in the Midwest that, ‘when times were hard, as they often were, groans and lamentations went up to God, but never to Washington’. There was no national education system, no national police force, not much in the way of a federal bureaucracy, and only a few people paid federal income tax. The routine tasks of governance were performed by local and especially state governments.

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