By J. E. Kaufmann
Between the area wars, France developed an unlimited and intricate array of defenses designed to avoid German forces from penetrating the French heartland as that they had in the course of international struggle I. between those was once the well-known Maginot Line, the final of the nice gun-bearing fortifications, yet France additionally outfitted defenses alongside its coasts and in its territories in North Africa. absolutely illustrated with photographs, maps, and drawings, fort France describes the layout and building of those fortifications, discusses French protecting doctrine and approach, and explains why those efforts proved not able to forestall the German assault within the spring of 1940.
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Additional resources for Fortress France The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II
In that case, the main underground gallery was reached by an inclined access gallery. These generally had an incline of 25% (50% in the Alpine ouvrages). The access galleries with the steepest incline required special rail cars to trans-ship supplies from the entrance block to the underground main gallery. If an inclined access gallery was not feasible, the munitions supply carts were lowered from the EM to the main gallery by elevators. Generally, there was only one subterranean level in the ouvrages, unlike the many fantasized drawings showing multiple levels.
Most of the mechanical equipment and machinery, such as the turrets, the train, the elevators, and the lighting system, were operated with electrical power. If the power system failed, the ouvrages resorted to emergency lighting, mainly kerosene lamps. The turrets could be rotated and raised manually. The train, however, depended on electrical power, but individual rail cars could be pushed by the soldiers if needed. Each artillery block was provided with its own magazines of ready ammunition (the M-3) so it could maintain combat operations.
A state-of-the-art kitchen and food and wine storage areas were also located in the caserne. Several rooms housed an infirmary with an operating room and a small recovery room. Some of the larger ouvrages also included a dentist office. The troops could spend some of their free time in a recreation room or canteen with a radio for entertainment. The miscreants ran the risk of cooling their heels in one of the tiny cells in the small detention area. The filter room where the incoming air could be purified in case of gas attack was located near the caserne and the usine.