By Ole Elgstrum
The ecu coverage approach relies on negotiations as a style of attaining agreements on, and enforcing, universal rules. the european negotiations vary from conventional foreign negotiations in numerous respects and this booklet offers a close research of the techniques whereas reading their distinguishing features.The authors discover the diversity of negotiation procedures, the continuity and institutionalization of negotiation procedures in addition to the involvement of various actors in addition to governments, frequently associated in casual networks. Going past the typical differences in accordance with issue-areas or the ecu as negotiation enviornment rather than negotiating actor externally, the authors discover the effect of other levels within the coverage procedure and the character of the exterior negotiating companion.
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Additional info for European Union Negotiations Processes, Networks and Institutions (Routledge Advances in European Politics)
Greenwood, J. (1997) Representing Interests in the European Union, London: Macmillan. Haas, P. M. (1992) ‘Introduction: Epistemic Communities and International Policy Coordination’, International Organization, 46: 1–35. Héritier, A. (1997) ‘Policy-Making by Subterfuge: Interest Accommodation, Innovation and Substitute Democratic Legitimation in Europe: Perspectives from Distinctive Policy Areas’, Journal of European Public Policy, 4: 171–89. Negotiations in networks 27 Holsti, K. J. (1982) ‘Bargaining Theory and Diplomatic Reality: The CSCE Negotiations’, Review of International Studies, 8: 159–70.
Thus, social pressures and full information combine to make failures to implement negotiated policies less likely in the European Union. Illustrative cases By way of illustration, let us briefly sketch three cases of negotiations in networks, taken from the areas of social policy, telecommunications and common foreign and security policy (CFSP). 1 Social policy represent a ‘most likely’, ‘low-politics’ case of networking, CFSP a ‘least-likely’, ‘high-politics’ case, with telecommunications in an intermediary position.
Therefore, quite a few officials view gender as a ‘temporary fad’, which must be 38 Ole Elgström given official recognition but is not really integrated into routine analysis, as mainstreaming implies. They also utilize exclusionary arguments, claiming that norm concerns are not appropriate in the specific setting they are handling (‘gender analysis has no place in planning for road construction’). Norm entrepreneurs have therefore had to engage in continuous implementation negotiations. These have mostly taken place in the EDF (European Development Fund) committee, a comitology committee for development issues.