By N.F. Dreisziger
Papers offered on the thirteenth RMC army heritage Symposium held on the Royal army collage in overdue Mar. 1986--Verso of t.p.
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Here, then, was ample opportunity for the exercise of national, religious, or social bias. 14 In fact, the proportion of Jewish reserve officers closely approximated their representation among high-school graduates, and thus among the one-year volunteers. It is another question, however, why Slovaks, Poles, Ruthenes, Croats, Serbs, and Romanians were so grievously under-represented among the reserve officers. 15 Certainly, a much higher number of Ruthenes than that had finished high school and thus qualified for one-year volunteer service.
The uneven ethnic representation in the service branches was the result of variations in the recruiting area, tradition, and educational requirements. The infantry, for example, took in mostly young peasants — hence the over-representation of such a "peasant nationality" as the Romanian. The elite Jdger recruited primarily in the Western provinces of the Monarchy — hence the enormously high proportion of Germans and Italians. The latter, inhabiting the South Tirol for the largest part, tended to be drafted into the four regiments of the famous Tirolian Kaiserjdger.
7 Yet it was one thing to swear loyalty to a newly constituted legal authority, such as the Hungarian, and quite another to be told that, because the Serbian population and Serbian Grenzer battalions in Southern Hungary had revolted against the constitutional Hungarian government, one had to lead regular Habsburg troops against those "rebel" troops who also proclaimed their loyalty to the EmperorKing. " Now the Hungarian government ordered a Habsburg general to march against another Habsburg general and against the latter's loyal Croatian troops.