By Ben Evans
To commemorate the momentous 50th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin’s pioneering trip into house on 12th April 2011, a chain of 5 books – to be released each year – will discover this part century, decade by means of decade, to find how humanity’s wisdom of flying, operating and dwelling in area has replaced. every one quantity will concentration not just upon the person missions inside ‘its’ decade, but in addition upon the main demanding situations dealing with human house exploration at particular issues inside of these 50 years: from the straightforward difficulties of respiring and consuming in house to the demanding situations of venturing open air in a pressurised spacesuit and locomotion at the Moon.
The first quantity of this sequence will concentration upon the Sixties, exploring every one undertaking from April 1961 to April 1971 intensive: from the pioneering Vostok flights to the institution of the 1st Salyut house station and from Alan Shepard’s modest sub-orbital ‘hop’ into area to his victorious arrival on the Moon’s Fra Mauro foothills virtually a decade later.
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Additional resources for Escaping the Bonds of Earth: The Fifties and the Sixties (Springer Praxis Books Space Exploration)
Midway through the darkness, at 9:26 am, Vostok rose above the horizon of the Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) station on the Alaskan island of Shemya, giving the United States its first awareness that a Soviet man was indeed in orbit. Admittedly, American long-range radars had detected the R-7's launch, but it was Shemya which confirmed without doubt that live dialogue was ongoing with an Earth-circling cosmonaut. 95 degrees to the equator ± and, shortly thereafter, Gagarin began his passage across Hawaii, then out over the South Pacific.
Was still under construction, so communication and control from the ground . . '' Leonov had been sent to the remote Yelizovo site a few days earlier as its cosmonaut representative and, to underline the secrecy, had no idea if Gagarin or Titov was aboard Vostok. Then, as the spacecraft passed over Kamchatka at around 9:21 am, he saw the first crude television images from the cabin. '' Leonov had been instructed not to initiate communications with Vostok unless given permission to do so and he duly remained silent.
He was eventually dismissed from the cosmonaut team in April 1962. Shortly after Kartashov's removal, Varlamov was involved in a swimming accident in which he displaced a cervical vertibra and disqualified himself from consideration. Their places were taken by Bykovsky and Nelyubov. The `new' Six formed a cadre who would vie for the chance to become the Soviet Union's first man in space. Indeed, with the exception of Nelyubov, they would fly five of the six Vostok missions. First among them, of course, was Yuri Gagarin, whom many cosmonauts felt had been a strong contender right from the first time he met Korolev.