By William E. Cooper Jr, Daniel T. Blumstein
Whilst a predator assaults, prey are confronted with a sequence of 'if', 'when' and 'how' get away judgements - those serious questions are the foci of this ebook. Cooper and Blumstein assemble a stability of thought and empirical study to summarise over fifty years of scattered study and benchmark present pondering within the quickly increasing literature at the behavioural ecology of escaping. The publication consolidates present and new behaviour types with taxonomically divided empirical chapters that show the appliance of get away idea to diversified teams. The chapters combine behaviour with body structure, genetics and evolution to steer the reader throughout the complicated judgements confronted by means of prey in the course of a predator assault, reading how those judgements have interaction with lifestyles background and person edition. The bankruptcy on most sensible perform box technique and the tips for destiny study offered all through, make sure this quantity is sensible in addition to informative.
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Extra resources for Escaping From Predators: An Integrative View of Escape Decisions
Canadian Journal of Zoology, 68, 619–640. Owings, D. H. (1977). Snake mobbing by California ground squirrels: Adaptive variation and ontogeny. Behaviour, 62, 50–69. Robinson, M. , Abele, L. G. & Robinson, B (1970). Attack autotomy: A defense against predators. Science, 169, 300–301. Ruxton, G. , Sherratt, T. N. & Speed, M. (2004). Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Stevens, M. & Merilaita, S. (2011). Animal Camouflage: Mechanisms and Function.
Blumstein, Diogo S. M. Samia, Theodore Stankowich, and William E. Cooper, Jr. discuss best practice for conducting field studies of escape behavior, a topic that we hope will be useful given differences in methods reported in the literature among investigators and recent findings that require new methods. In the final chapter the editors summarize and synthesize what we have learned about the diverse escape topics. 1 Current ambiguity in escape terminology Studies of escape behavior and refuge use have often been done by investigators interested in a particular prey taxon.
Endler, J. A. (1986). Defense against predators. In Predator–prey Relationships: Perspectives and Approaches from the Study of Lower Vertebrates. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 109–134. , Jimenez, M. D. & Lucas, E. (2002). Factors affecting intra- and inter-specific variations in the difference between alert distances and flight distances for birds in forested habitats. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 80, 1212–1220. Gehlbach, F. R. & Leverett, J. S. (1995). Mobbing of eastern screech-owls: Predatory cues, risks to mobbers, and degree of threat.