By Margarita M. Balmaceda
Energy has turn into a big aspect to Russia's makes an attempt, less than Putin, to revive its impact over former Soviet territories and reaffirm itself because the dominant nearby energy. This ebook investigates how Russia has manipulated the power of its neighbours on Russian power provides to accomplish its international coverage ambitions, focusing particularly on family members with Ukraine. This publication, in response to a large number of fundamental Ukrainian and Russian fundamental resources before now not delivered to the eye of Western readers, examines very important occasions comparable to Russia's January 2006 suspension of gasoline provides to Ukraine, and the results for Ukraine's 'Orange Revolution', different post-Soviet states and Western Europe. in spite of the fact that, it is going extra in exhibiting how family political stipulations in non-Russian states may possibly facilitate Russia's use of power as a international coverage weapon, investigating the neighborhood teams that frequently obtain major gains from permitting Russia to manage strength markets and effort transit percentages. With ecu nations changing into extra established upon Russian strength, this booklet could be of curiosity not just to Russian reports and japanese eu experiences specialists, yet to students of diplomacy and ecu politics.
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Additional resources for Energy Dependency, Politics and Corruption in the Former Soviet Union: Russia's Power, Oligarchs' Profits and Ukraine's Missing Energy Policy, 1995-2006 ... Series on Russian and East European Studies)
How did and do domestic factors affect Russia’s ability to use energy as a foreign policy tool vis-á-vis Ukraine? This book addresses these questions by analyzing the management of energy dependency in Ukraine during the Kuchma (1995–2004) and early Yushchenko (2005–2006) presidencies. The end point is August 2006 with the formation of the first government after the March 2006 parliamentary elections and the entrance into force of the Constitutional Agreement limiting presidential power and Viktor Yanukovych’s return to power as Prime Minister.
The concrete mechanisms used for the importation of Turkmenistan gas are discussed in Chapters 7 and 8. 16 Introduction Central concepts discussed In this section, we define central concepts to be used throughout the book, as well as some limits and caveats to their application. Energy dependency We do not see energy dependency as an absolute, but as something that can take a variety of intermediate values. However, for the purposes of this book, by “energy dependency” we mean a situation where a b c more than one-third of a country’s total energy supply comes from foreign sources; more than 50 percent of a country’s annual consumption of a single major energy source (in most of the CEE states, oil or gas) come from foreign sources or a country depends on a single external provider for more than 60 percent of its imports of a major energy source for that country or 45 percent of its consumption of that energy source.
As this study will show, although there is much to be said for the state capture hypothesis, the Ukrainian case adds important nuances to the equation, for example, the fact that various economic interests may control separate areas of the state, and the role of the president as “arbiter” in this system. Most importantly, the complexity of the Ukrainian case tells us that it is not sufficient to look at the situation in terms of “state” versus “private” interests, but that it is important to recognize the role of other actors and interests created by the specific nature of the post-Soviet transition, such as the separate corporate interests of state-owned companies, and the private interests that may be located within these, which do not necessarily coincide.