By Myat Thein
There are many very good reviews via eminent Myanmar economists in addition to students from overseas masking diversified post-war sessions and/or numerous facets of improvement in Myanmar. What this publication does is to deliver them altogether, because it have been, less than one roof by way of recasting bits and items in their paintings in response to the author’s personal knowing. In doing so, a holistic technique was once followed which will have a well-rounded account of advancements over the last fifty years or extra. furthermore, an try has additionally been made to offer the key advancements at varied classes of time among 1948 and 2000 in an easy, yet now not over simplified, reader-friendly structure with a purpose to succeed in as vast an viewers as attainable. it's the author’s ardent want that not just scholars and policy-makers, yet Myanmar humans in all walks of lifestyles will learn the ebook, talk about it, and interact for a greater destiny.
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Relentless and ominous, the drumbeat echoes around the land: Social defense is at the verge of financial ruin. The caution has been repeated so frequently that it has develop into a depressing article of religion for the hundreds of thousands of usa citizens who pay Social defense taxes and count on to gather merits sometime. however it is flatly unfaithful.
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A study by economists at the Yangon Institute of Economics also concluded that the socio-economic conditions in rural areas during the period being considered had improved slightly. In particular, significant improvements were made in the fields of education and health services. In education, thousands of primary, middle, and high schools were opened across the country between 1952 and 1960. 6 Myrdal (1968, p. 1665). 3 Source: Burma’s Agrarian History (1970). to 1,764,000, and college enrolments more than doubled from less than 6,000 to over 12,000.
One of them was the loss of land by native cultivators and landowners to non-native and non-resident Indian landlords during the colonial period. The fact that the governing body then was deaf and dumb to this situation of increasing misery for increasing numbers of landless native cultivators made the bitter pill of experience even harder to swallow. Nearly half of the total cultivated area eventually came to be owned by non-native absentee landlords. Moreover, the emergence of the plural society in administration, commerce, and industry with Europeans at the top, Indians and Chinese in the middle, and Myanmar people at the bottom rung also left a very unsavoury impression of the colonial period.
Crop production is the major agricultural activity in Myanmar. To this day it is almost completely dependent on monsoon rains. Paddy/rice is the major crop, followed by other cereal grains, pulses, and oil seeds. 7 million acres or 63 per cent of its pre-war level. Furthermore, production was disrupted for at least two years after independence due to civil war. Nevertheless, the main reasons for the slow growth of the agricultural sector were simply neglect by the state, which did not quite appreciate its importance in economic development and the marketing policy of the SAMB.