By Kevin Blackburn, Karl Hack
This e-book presents a cosmopolitan precis of contemporary wisdom at the Fall of Singapore, together with the severe tensions among Churchill and native commanders.
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Extra info for Did Singapore Have to Fall?: Churchill and the Impregnable Fortress
In June 1935 an Anglo-German Naval agreement was signed as well, allowing Germany to build a navy up to 35 per cent of the strength of Britain’s. This limitation in British naval building was a critical first stage in determining Singapore’s fate. But it would be naive to assume that any increase in ships launched earlier would have turned out to Britain’s advantage later. The Washington Naval The fatal decisions 29 Limitation Treaty of February 1922 did have short-term benefits. It resulted in Japan abandoning some work, notably plans for Kaga, Amagi and Kii class battleships, all of which would have used a 16 inch (41cm) gun.
McGrane. back to the Malayan mainland and right in the middle of Singapore’s northern coast, Britain kept it as far from the open sea as possible. Did Singapore have to fall? 20 Attacking battleships would have an extreme range of 40,000 yards. That is, well over 20 miles. Placing the base in the middle Singapore’s northern coast meant the base’s guns could be pushed up to 20,000 yards in front of the base, to the southern and eastern extremities of the island. Since the biggest of these coastal guns were themselves 15 inch battleship guns mounted on land, with a range of 36,900 yards (21 miles), they would be able to fire on attacking ships well before the latter’s guns came within range of the base.
There is still a need for an informed analysis which can relate the guns, and the idea and reality of ‘Fortress Singapore’, to the overall disaster. This book aims to fill that gap. While having the Fortress as one of its main concerns, it aims to introduce a wide range of perspectives—planning as well as the campaign, Operation Matador as well as the guns of Singapore, Churchill’s decisions as well as Introduction 9 troop morale, and recent findings—so as to let people begin to make up their own mind about the controversies.