By Evert A Lindquist, Sam Vincent, John Wanna
Predictable and unpredictable demanding situations always confront the coverage settings and coverage frameworks of governments. they supply a continuously altering dynamic during which policy-making operates. Governments in any respect degrees are asking their public companies to spot cutting edge and doable reforms to count on and handle those demanding situations. Public carrier leaders worldwide are suffering not just to raised expect rising calls for but additionally to handle reform backlogs. besides the fact that, time and time back, significant coverage reforms can end up difficult to enforce - particularly in turbulent environments - or even harder to anchor over the years. This ends up in significant uncertainty and inefficiency as governments and coverage groups attempt to maintain speed with switch. regulations that resolve or are dismantled are high priced and symbolize wasted possibilities. They bring about cynicism concerning the effectiveness of governments and public carrier suggestion extra quite often, making it more challenging to accommodate different rising demanding situations. This quantity of proactive essays on offering coverage reform bargains an exciting mixture of strategic coverage recommendation and administration perception. It brings jointly a various variety of highquality members from out of the country in addition to from Australia and New Zealand – together with nationwide political leaders, public provider executives, heads of autonomous firms, and prime foreign students.
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Extra resources for Delivering Policy Reform: Anchoring Significant Reforms in Turbulent Times
In my analysis, I define reform as a deliberate non-incremental change in an existing line of policy, intended to impart instrumental rationality on governmental activity to make it more rational, or to distribute benefits to some broad constituency. It is thus an effort to make government more effective, to create a more logical relationship between the policy tools that are used and the intended goals, and to ensure that government works for the broad majority instead of for the benefit of some narrow constituency.
This means that if reformers do not include players such as teachers and doctors in the reform process, they will become powerful opponents with the potential to generate blocking votes or veto points. And while compensating the losers is often necessary, it must be remembered that reforms are first and foremost made to correct an injustice, so subsequent losses are not always socially unjustified. The final lesson for successfully ‘making reforms stick’ is the most obvious: set goals beyond election horizons, for governments to learn from each other to reduce the trial and error time.
This explains the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention and subsequent UN efforts to clamp down on bribery. Businesses that have their headquarters in OECD and in UN member states are under scrutiny. Concerning tax, we need consistency and better compliance regimes and a collective international effort to close tax havens. If not, we will still find that there are areas in the world where capital can hide without being taxed. There has been a tremendous effort in the past few years to tackle the problem of international tax evasion because, during the financial crisis, much was said about the fact that it was possible for some companies and people to store their money in locations where it was not taxed.