By Andrea S. Wiley
Milk is the one nutrients mammals produce evidently to feed their offspring. The human species is the single person who takes milk from different animals and consumes it past weaning age. Cultures of Milk contrasts the practices of the world's prime milk manufacturers, India and the USA. In either nations, milk is taken into account to have designated characteristics. Drawing on ethnographic and medical stories, well known media, and executive studies, Andrea Wiley unearths that the cultural importance of milk is going well past its nutritive value.
Shifting socioeconomic and political components impression how humans understand the significance of milk and what sort of they devour. In India, the place milk is out of achieve for plenty of, intake is emerging speedily one of the city center type. yet milk ingesting is declining in the USA, regardless of the energy of the dairy undefined. Milk is certain up in discussions of foodstuff shortage in India and meals abundance within the usa. advertising of milk as a method to augment baby progress boosted intake in twentieth-century the USA and is at the moment doing an analogous in India, the place commonplace top is low. Wiley considers how version between populations within the skill to digest lactose and concepts approximately how milk impacts digestion impression the kind of milk and milk items fed on. In India, such a lot milk comes from buffalo, yet cows have sacred prestige for Hindus. within the usa, cow's milk has lengthy been a privileged foodstuff, yet is now dealing with festival from plant-based milk.
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Extra info for Cultures of Milk: The Biology and Meaning of Dairy Products in the United States and India
Hartley, 1977 , 200) Milk Consumption in the United States 37 While debates erupted about the virtues of dairy inspections and milk testing (certification) versus pasteurization, which were finally settled by pasteurization mandates, what went uncontested was the “natural” role of cow milk in the diet. Hartley repeatedly referred to cow milk an “essential” or “indispensable” part of human sustenance, asserting that “it is the best and most palatable aliment for the young; it is suited to nearly every variety of temperament and is adapted to the nourishment of the body in every age and condition” (Hartley, 1977 , 75).
The food-beverage distinction might seem a bit arbitrary; even today milk in its fluid form is frequently consumed in a “solid” context on hot or cold cereal, and yogurt might be consumed in a bowl or in a more dilute form in a glass, as is common in India. But the distinction is important insofar as it tells us whether milk was part of a meal and hence comparable to other foods, or was an add-on beverage, and as such more of a supplement to the diet. Because milk is the only “food” for nursing babies and it has a fairly high percentage of solids suspended in a liquid medium, it straddles the food and drink categories.
Cities, which reached 50 percent in some areas. Of course, milk was not only to blame, as its consumption occurred amidst poor sanitation, crowding, and poverty. Physicians recognized that cow-milk-fed infants had higher mortality than breastfed or wet-nurse-fed infants, but had no means of understanding the cause of this difference. Discourse about milk in the mid to late nineteenth century, and well into the early twentieth century tended to focus on its safety, and there was very public dialogue of the dangers attendant to drinking fresh milk, especially among children.