By Ayodeji Olukoju
Liberia has a powerful connection to the U.S. in that it used to be based through former slaves in 1822. even supposing Liberia had existed as an self sufficient African country and a logo of desire to the African peoples less than the guideline of varied colonial powers, its contemporary background has been bedeviled through a protracted upheaval following an army coup d'etat in 1980. during this context, the narrative highlights the individuality of Liberians of their negotiation of conventional indigenous and smooth practices, and the alterations wrought through Christianity and Western affects.
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Additional resources for Culture and Customs of Liberia (Culture and Customs of Africa)
To be fair, the Taylor government ensured the territorial integrity of the country, and the country enjoyed a semblance of peace and stability up to 1999. But it failed to attract the expected magnitude of investor and donor support that was sorely needed in the reconstruction of a warravaged country. Paradoxically, Taylor and his cronies, like many of their counterparts in the region, diverted much of the foreign aid into their private accounts. From 1999 to 2003, the Taylor government came under increasing domestic and international pressure as Nigeria and Ghana, two important regional powers, accused the Taylor government of continuing involvement in the Sierra Leonian tragedy.
Spirit possession is also believed to be possible through masks, the use of which symbolizes connection with the invisible forces in the spirit world. Thus, according to the Gio, one person’s du, which exists independent of him or her, can move into or possess another person. For many Liberians, the spirit world enables two-way traffic: humans can enter it, and spirits also enter (possess) humans. Thus, people are transformed into spirits in their sleep; they can also be transformed into animals when they are possessed by the spirit of particular animals, such as leopards; and a person can be possessed by the spirit of another human being or a devil.
Still, only a tiny percentage of the population directly benefited from literacy and formal education. Universal adult suffrage too was extended to the indigenous Liberians, though this was circumscribed by a property qualification. However, the reforms of the Tubman era were not fundamental. First, they merely established equality of representation between the overwhelming majority of indigenous peoples, numbering some one million persons, and the 30,000 Americo-Liberians. Second, Liberian so-called democracy retained its features of an absolute presidency that outlived the Tubman era.