By Toine Spapens, Alan Littler, Cyrille Fijnaut
This is often the 3rd e-book to be produced by means of participants of the playing study crew - linked to Tilburg University's school of legislations relating concerns heavily attached with the talk at the playing rules that the ecu Union and its Member States are pursuing. the 1st ebook - Alan Littler and Cyrille Fijnaut (eds), "The legislation of playing: ecu and nationwide views" (Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2007) - generally considers the felony points of playing legislation, at either ecu Union and Member nation point. the second one e-book - Tom Coryn, Cyrille Fijnaut and Alan Littler (eds), "Economic elements of playing rules: european and US views" (Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008) - seems at examine performed within the usa and the eu Union into the prices and advantages fascinated about the law of gambling.The contributions to this 3rd publication flip the highlight on social difficulties: crime and habit, either one of which play an important half within the institutional debate within the eu Union referring to no matter if playing will be taken care of as a carrier that - like different providers - will be topic to the legislation universally appropriate to the inner industry. This quantity is essentially dedicated to the examine that has been performed in numerous Member States into the issues of gambling-related crime and habit. It additionally examines advancements at european point: what coverage is the eu fee at present pursuing and what stance does the eu court docket of Justice take nowadays. Crime and dependancy difficulties which may come up within the context of on-line playing and at attainable methods of conserving them below keep an eye on also are tested.
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Additional info for Crime, Addiction and the Regulation of Gambling
Gambling often led to serious fights and breaches of the peace, which the authorities were anxious to avoid. Moreover, the money that members of the upper classes gambled away could not be used for other purposes deemed more useful – such as war funds, for example. As time passed, however, ideological motives also took on a growing importance. The clergy had long opposed gambling, because it would only lead to unethical and sinful conduct, and to various forms of deception. The Protestants were the most categorical in their opposition: they believed that gambling was contrary to the Calvinist and Puritan work ethic.
No betting tax on winnings is deducted either. Lastly, illegal operators allow late bets to be placed, which gives punters the opportunity to anticipate any changes that occur at a late stage, but that can affect the winning odds. 27 Little is known about the extent of illegal betting on sports events in Europe. 30 In the Netherlands there is also evidence of illegal betting on horse racing,31 with between five and eight bookmakers reportedly active in this area in 2001. Horse racing is, however, a relatively minor sport in the Netherlands.
70 T. Spapens, Interactie tussen criminaliteit en opsporing. De gevolgen van opsporingsactiviteiten voor de organisatie en afscherming van xtc-productie en -handel in Nederland (Antwerpen/ Oxford, Intersentia, 2006), pp. 182–183. 71 P. Reuter (1983), p. 101. 72 Haagsche Courant, ‘Louche geldschieters zitten overal in gokgelegenheden’, 29 March 2005. The victim was a member of the ‘Fat Kee’ gang from The Hague, which was reputed to have clashed with the ‘Ming’ group from Rotterdam over sharing out the casinos and amusement arcades where loan-sharking practices could be employed.