By L. Braganca
Because of alterations within the composition of the inhabitants, society adjustments always with admire to numerous elements together with age-structure, relations composition and the provision of power. adjustments result in events which are mirrored within the commissioning of constructions, that is progressively shifted from new development to the reuse and upkeep of present structures. the difference of constructions frequently calls for the amendment of facades and the development in the back of. The scope of this motion in the rate shipping and concrete improvement area is to enhance strategies and techniques for envelopes of constructions developed over the last half the twentieth century within the rate international locations. In different phrases it really is directed at the construction envelopes of the so-called non-traditional constructions. This booklet is predicated on a help via fee, an intergovernmental ecu framework for overseas cooperation among nationally funded study actions. price creates medical networks and permits scientists to collaborate in a large spectrum of actions in study and technology.IOS Press is a world technological know-how, technical and clinical writer of fine quality books for lecturers, scientists, and execs in all fields. a number of the components we post in: -Biomedicine -Oncology -Artificial intelligence -Databases and knowledge structures -Maritime engineering -Nanotechnology -Geoengineering -All features of physics -E-governance -E-commerce -The wisdom financial system -Urban stories -Arms keep an eye on -Understanding and responding to terrorism -Medical informatics -Computer Sciences
Read or Download COST C16 Improving the Quality of Existing Urban Building Envelopes IV: Facades and Roofs (Research in Architectural Engineering) PDF
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Extra info for COST C16 Improving the Quality of Existing Urban Building Envelopes IV: Facades and Roofs (Research in Architectural Engineering)
Copenhagen: Byggeindustrien Landsbyggefonden, 2001. Fysisk opretning og forbedring af almene boligafdelinger. Copenhagen: Landsbyggefonden Nissen, H. 1972. Industrialized Building and Modular Design. London: Cement and Concrete Association SBI-rapport 75, 1971. TÆT LAV - en boligform, Eksempelsamling, Hørsholm: Statens Byggeforskningsinstitut (SBI) Technical Improvement of Housing Envelopes in France Dominique Groleau CERMA, UMR CNRS 1563, Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Nantes, France Francis Allard LEPTAB, Université de La Rochelle, France Gérard Guarracino DGCB, Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics de l’Etat, Vaulx en Velin, France Bruno Peuportier, CEP, Ecole des Mines de Paris, France ABSTRACT: The improvement of housing envelopes can play an important role to change the image of the building, to modify the use inside the dwelling, to transform the immediate surroundings of the buildings, to improve the technical and functional performance of the building and to enhance the life environment of inhabitants.
CASE STUDY 2 – HEDEPARKEN, BALLERUP This second case study is a high rise 3-4 storeys in blocks containing 40 – 60 flats. The development plan was built from 1966 by the non-profit housing association Arbejdernes Andels Boligforening Technical Improvement of Housing Envelopes in Denmark 29 Figure 9. Aerial photo of the estate Hedeparken, Ballerup. Only the 7 buildings in the front are refurbished in the way described. The structural principle is load-bearing cross walls of pre-cast elements, with floor elements of pre-cast hollow-core reinforced concrete elements.
So, the stability is primarily maintained by the wall and the structure of the building. Generally, the type of structure used commonly during the sixties and seventies with the formed concrete or tunnel formworks techniques offers a very stable structure. Only the way to fix the second skin and elements that forms the external skin has to be adjusted to maintain the stability of the second skin itself. However, the most outer layer of the skin has to be impact resistant. Five classes of impact are considered in technical guides concerning the level of impact exposure (expressed according to French norms in Kg/J) , depending of the position of the skin in the façade, at the floor level or in a non accessible or protected location.