By Nicole Deitelhoff, Klaus Dieter Wolf
This publication specializes in the function of non-public companies in zones of clash. It appears to be like on the kind of governance contributions anticipated from transnational company organizations in the direction of peace and protection and attracts conclusions as to what determines their contributions.
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Additional info for Corporate Security Responsibility?: Corporate Governance Contributions to Peace and Security in Zones of Conflict.
While output refers to policies (the individual or collective commitments of corporate actors) and outcome to activities (the behavioural changes resulting from such commitments), impact analysis can address the degree of problem solving resulting from behavioural change. One could consider the latter as the politically most relevant of the three; after all, it is impact that we have in mind when we consider bringing the private sector into conflict prevention and peace building. Therefore, the decision to focus on corporate engagement (consisting of policies and activities) in security governance in this volume needs some justification.
Thus, we cover different phases and types of conflict that companies are confronted with, cross regions from Sub-Saharan Africa to the Middle East and Europe, and trace developments over time. Variation between and within the case studies allows us to derive generalizable propositions on the conditions under which companies are most likely to contribute to peace and security and to assess their overall potential and willingness to contribute to these goods in the first place, whether directly or indirectly.
20. For instance, a large part focuses on the extractive industry. This might not be surprising given the visibility of these companies and their products but it also produces a selection bias as the extractive industry displays some unique features. It usually has high sunk costs, limited possibilities of withdrawing from conflict regions given the location of the natural resources they want to extract, and are highly visible (Bennett 2002: 405; Maresca 2004: 123–4; Sherman 2001). As these features do not play out in the same intensity for many other industries, it is important to include different industry sectors and branches within them to arrive at generalizable propositions about companies’ contributions to peace and security.