Download Computational Logic and Set Theory: Applying Formalized by Jacob T. Schwartz, Domenico Cantone, Eugenio G. Omodeo, PDF

By Jacob T. Schwartz, Domenico Cantone, Eugenio G. Omodeo, Martin Davis

As software program turns into extra advanced, the query of the way its correctness will be guaranteed grows ever extra serious. Formal good judgment embodied in computing device courses is a vital a part of the reply to this problem.

This must-read textual content offers the pioneering paintings of the past due Professor Jacob (Jack) T. Schwartz on computational good judgment and set idea and its program to facts verification ideas, culminating within the ÆtnaNova method, a prototype machine software designed to make sure the correctness of mathematical proofs offered within the language of set thought. Taking a scientific process, the publication starts off with a survey of conventional branches of common sense earlier than describing intimately the underlying layout of the ÆtnaNova approach. significant classical effects on undecidability and unsolvability are then recast for the program. Readers don't require nice wisdom of formal common sense with the intention to persist with the textual content, yet a superb realizing of ordinary programming innovations, and a familiarity with mathematical definitions and proofs reflecting the standard degrees of rigor is assumed.

Topics and features:

  • With a Foreword by way of Dr. Martin Davis, Professor Emeritus of the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, manhattan University
  • Describes extensive how a particular first-order concept will be exploited to version and perform reasoning in branches of computing device technological know-how and mathematics
  • Presents an certain approach for computerized evidence verification at the huge scale
  • Integrates very important proof-engineering matters, reflecting the objectives of large-scale verifiers
  • Includes an appendix displaying formalized proofs of ordinals, of varied houses of the transitive closure operation, of finite and transfinite induction rules, and of Zorn’s lemma

This ground-breaking paintings is vital examining for researchers and complicated graduates of laptop science.

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Additional resources for Computational Logic and Set Theory: Applying Formalized Logic to Analysis

Example text

These R are the so-called ‘equivalence relationships’, and for each such R defined for all x belonging to a set s, the theory of equivalence classes constructs f (for which arb turns out to be an inverse), and the set into which f maps s. This range is the ‘family of equivalence classes’ defined by the dyadic predicate R. The construction seen here, which traces back to Gauss, is ubiquitous in 20th century mathematics. (x) Next the family Q of rational numbers is defined as the set of equivalence classes arising from the set of all pairs [n, m] of signed integers for which m = 0.

0, 0] is the ‘signed integer’ 0, and the 1-1 mapping x → [x, 0], whose inverse is simply y → y [1] , embeds N into the set of signed integers, in a manner allowing easy extension of the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division operators to signed integers. In preparation for introduction of the set of rational numbers, it is proved that the set of signed integers is an ‘integral domain’. At this point, we are well on the royal road of standard mathematics. (ix) Next we introduce two important ‘theories’ mentioned above: the theory of equivalence classes and the theory of Sigma.

The propositional/predicate calculus and set theory in which we work is merely one such formalism, of interest because of its convenience and wide use, and because much effort has gone into ensuring its reliability. 1 The Propositional Calculus The propositional calculus constitutes the ‘bottom-most’ part of the full logical formalism with which we will work in this book. T. 1007/978-0-85729-808-9_2, © Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011 37 38 2 Propositional- and Predicate-Calculus Preliminaries structions being reduced (‘blobbed’) down to single letters when propositional deductions must be made.

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