Download Cigarette Wars: The Triumph of the Little White Slaver by Cassandra Tate PDF

By Cassandra Tate

We are living in an age while the cigarette is less than nearly consistent assault. Few weeks go with no one more record at the risks of smoking, or information of one other anti-cigarette lawsuit, or extra regulations on cigarette revenues, advertisements, or use. it really is a bit of outstanding, then, that little or no cognizance has been given to the truth that the US has traveled down this street before.

Until now, that's. As Cassandra Tate studies during this attention-grabbing paintings of ancient scholarship, among 1890 and 1930, fifteen states enacted legislation to prohibit the sale, manufacture, ownership, and/or use of cigarettes--and no fewer than twenty-two different states thought of such laws. In featuring the background of America's first conflicts with huge Tobacco, Tate attracts on quite a lot of newspapers, magazines, alternate courses, infrequent pamphlets, and plenty of different manuscripts culled from information around the nation. Her thorough and meticulously researched quantity is additionally attractively illustrated with a number of images, posters, and cartoons from this bygone era.

Readers will locate in Cigarette Wars an engagingly written and well-told story of the 1st anti-cigarette stream, courting from the Victorian Age to the nice melancholy, whilst cigarettes have been either legally constrained and socially stigmatized in the USA. innovative reformers and spiritual fundamentalists got here jointly to decrease smoking, yet their efforts collapsed in the course of global warfare I, whilst hundreds of thousands of infantrymen took up the behavior and cigarettes started to be linked to freedom, modernity, and class. Importantly, Tate additionally illustrates how supporters of the early anti-cigarette circulate articulated almost each factor that continues to be being debated approximately smoking at the present time; theirs was once no longer a failure of decision, she argues in those pages, yet of timing.

A compelling narrative approximately a number of clashing American traditions--old vs. younger, rural vs. city, and the overdue 19th vs. early 20th centuries--this paintings will attract all who're attracted to America's love-hate courting with what Henry Ford as soon as known as "the little white slaver."

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Additional resources for Cigarette Wars: The Triumph of the Little White Slaver

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Another said he had smoked cigarettes and they had nearly ruined him. Yet another presented testimony from a physician who swore ‘‘this terrible vice’’ was claiming the lives of 200 North Carolinians every year. 87 In this hostile climate, Duke bought insurance by diversifying. Under his direction, the American Tobacco Company aggressively expanded into other lines of tobacco, eventually dominating most of the industry. By 1910, Duke controlled 85 percent of the chewing tobacco trade, 80 percent of the smoking tobacco, 97 percent of the snuff, 91 percent of the so-called small cigars (all-tobacco cigarettes), and 14 percent of the regular cigars— in addition to 90 percent of the domestic cigarette market.

50 Oscar Wilde portrayed this quality in his 1891 novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray. Wilde himself was a dedicated smoker whose cigarette was as much a part of his equipage as his fresh-cut flower. ’’ Wooton is rarely without a cigarette. He describes it as ‘‘the perfect type of a perfect pleasure. 51 For the reform-minded, this was a dangerous freedom. ’’ A somewhat less circumspect writer claimed that cigarettes were ‘‘an ally to the white slave traffic’’ because they could be easily drugged and thus employed in the ruination of young girls.

They were not only more vulnerable to the harmful effects of cigarettes on health, but more likely to take them up in the first place. Almost as soon as cigarettes began to be noticed at all in the United States, they were linked to women and wickedness. ’’ While it was occasionally whispered that a proper lady here or there had ventured upon a cigarette, for the most part the habit was considered the province of chorus girls, actresses, prostitutes, and other women of doubtful reputation. ’’ In one of the earliest extant photographs of anyone with a cigarette, taken around 1850, Lola Montez—the Irish dancer and self-styled adventuress—was shown holding one between languid fingers as she cast a seductive look over her shoulder.

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