By Ho Peng Yoke
Notwithstanding there are various well-written works on chinese language divination, there are none that care for the 3 subtle units that have been hired by way of the chinese language Astronomical Bureau within the 11th century and for centuries thereafter. chinese language specialists utilized the tools linked to those units to either climate forecasting and to the translation of human affairs. Hidden through a veil of secrecy, those tools have continuously been particularly little identified except via their names. the 1st paintings in any language to discover those 3 equipment, often called sanshi (three cosmic boards), this e-book sheds mild on an issue which has been shrouded in secret for hundreds of years, having been saved mystery for a few years by means of the chinese language Astronomical Bureau.
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Additional info for Chinese Mathematical Astrology: Reaching out for the stars (Needham Research Institute Series)
G. 1 Order of Mutual Production and Conquest of wuxing. ) and the principle of Masking (xianghua ). The principle of Control says that Water conquers Fire but the process can be controlled by Earth (which controls Water); Fire conquers Metal but the process can be controlled by Water; Metal conquers Wood but the process can be controlled by Fire; Wood conquers Earth but the process can be controlled by Metal; and Earth conquers Water but the process can be controlled by Wood. In the principle of Masking, we ﬁnd that Water conquers Fire but the process can be masked by Wood (which replenishes or produces more Fire); Fire conquers Metal but the process can be masked by Earth; Metal conquers Wood but the process can be masked by Water; Wood conquers Earth but the process can be masked by Fire; and Earth conquers Water but the process can be masked by Metal.
The Sifenli (Quarterly Remainder Calendar), using a tropical year of 3651/4 days and 235 lunations in 19 years, came into use in the ﬁfth century bc. Liu Xin then took a period of 138,240 years for the conjunction of the ﬁve planets and derived the Superior Epoch (shangyuan) of 23,639,040 years as the least common multiple of the epoch and his period of conjunction. Subsequent calendar-makers for the next 1,200 years all followed him to calculate a Superior Epoch. None of them, however, had left any record of the method they used to work out the period of conjunction for the planets.
Liu and Wang generated much debate on Zhu Xi’s teaching among the literati in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, especially during the time when they were responding to the introduction of Aristotelian science by the early Jesuits. 3 However, the methods of the three cosmic boards had already come to maturity by the time of the Northern Song and commentators on the three cosmic boards generally quoted from the sayings of Zhu Xi. Yin, Yang and wuxing Zhu Xi identiﬁed li as Taiji (variously rendered as ‘Supreme Ultimate’ and ‘Supreme Pole’), the ultimate source of all things.