Download China’s Foreign Aid and Investment Diplomacy, Volume I: by John F. Copper PDF

By John F. Copper

This three-volume paintings is the 1st complete examine of China's international relief and funding international relations to track its evolution because the founding of PRC in 1949. quantity I examines the definitions, origins, nature, and scope of China's international relief and funding and indicates that China has a extra salient background of giving than the other country.

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Extra info for China’s Foreign Aid and Investment Diplomacy, Volume I: Nature, Scope, and Origins

Example text

200 According to one estimate, in 1979 China’s total aid giving was less than $100 million. 202 It was also hampered in some instances from considering only aid China provided to Third World countries, thereby excluding aid to Communist countries and the fact that military aid (which for some years constituted most of China’s aid) was not counted. 203 These matters constituted serious impediments to a sound analysis of China’s foreign assistance. In the second, or later period, China’s foreign aid remained difficult to define and/or calculate for some of the same reasons; but there were also 32 ● China’s Foreign Aid and Investment Diplomacy, Volume I new problems.

Further, as its aid and investments became much larger, Western countries began to criticize China’s aid more, pointing out that China disregards good governance, does not promote democracy, and makes human rights conditions worse with its aid (because its financial assistance helps prop up Nature and Scope of China’s Foreign Aid ● 27 authoritarian regimes). Critics complained that China gives aid only to gain resources and to capture markets. A few even remarked on how China uses its own labor and does not employ people locally, flaunts local labor and environmental laws, and worse.

Some writers state this in quite specific terms. ”199In fact, China’s “official aid” probably dropped every year from 1971 to the close of the decade. 200 According to one estimate, in 1979 China’s total aid giving was less than $100 million. 202 It was also hampered in some instances from considering only aid China provided to Third World countries, thereby excluding aid to Communist countries and the fact that military aid (which for some years constituted most of China’s aid) was not counted.

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