Download Biobased Industrial Products: Research and Commercialization by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Committee on Biobased Industrial Products

After reviewing the aptitude merits of using biobased business items over most likely used petroleum advantages, this record examines the uncooked fabric source base for items and explains the variety of goods and processing applied sciences on hand. strategies are supplied as to how you can successfully make the transition to biobased items, with discussions of supplying enough funding and supportive infrastructure. additionally integrated is a case research of lignocellulose-ethanol processing.

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Html 17 OVERVIEW ization of these products has been somewhat limited due to their high cost and lack of viable markets. The remarkable discoveries taking place in the life sciences raise prospects that economically competitive production of more biobased industrial products will be achievable in the future. In 1995 the National Research Council convened a committee under the Board on Biology to identify priorities for research and commercialization of biobased industrial products derived from agricultural and forestry resources.

However, some geologists report that oil reserves could be depleted in only 20 years (Kerr, 1998). According to the American Petroleum Insti- Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 24 BIOBASED INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS tute, there were approximately 43 years’ worth of reserves remaining as of 1997, an increase from the 34 years prevailing before the first OPEC crisis of 1973. As a substitute for oil, biomass could help diversify feedstock sources that support the nation’s industrial base.

Colit o engineer the cloned Z. mobilis genes into other bacteria such as Klebsiella oxytocia and Erwinia species. Unlike E. coli, these bacteria require less preliminary treatment of the cell walls because they contain additional enzymes that allow direct uptake of complex sugars (such as cellobiose and cellotriose) from plant cell walls. Erwinia strains also contain enzymes called endoglucanases that aid in the solubilization of lignocellulose. The scientists’ success in engineering bacteria to produce a valuable commodity like ethanol is the first step.

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