By Hannes Lacher
Hannes Lacher provides a brand new serious social thought of diplomacy that integrates sociology, background and political geography to appreciate the formation and improvement of recent foreign relations.
Far from implying a go back to state-centrist Realism, this crucial new quantity leads us in the direction of a severe social thought of diplomacy that questions the present conceptions of the fashionable foreign political financial system as a set of nationally bounded areas extra essentially than ever sooner than. It additionally indicates us that capitalist modernity itself was once, from the start, characterised by means of the dualism of world monetary integration and the fragmentation of political house, which really stems from the divergent origins of capitalism and territorial sovereignty.
This publication can be of significant curiosity to al scholars of old sociology, political geography, diplomacy and political science.
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Extra resources for Beyond Globalization: Capitalism, Territoriality and the International Relations of Modernity
Their full appreciation, with all their contradictory consequences, requires us to remind ourselves of the entirely ‘unnatural’ and violent history of their emergence. Moreover, Marx saw these laws as obtaining only as long as individuals were not the masters of the social order which forced them into relationships with each other that produced as their outcome these laws. 12 Their naturalization was precisely the eﬀect of the positivist social sciences (and certainly not one that has decreased in importance today), which do not enquire into the underlying historical systems of social relations, but construct a relationship between ‘facts’ in a purely external way, as ‘factors’ inﬂuencing each other.
And yet, for all the contingency and speciﬁcity, and in spite of all the particular conﬁgurations and combinations of causes that eﬀected each step, there is a clear sense of inevitability in Weber’s thesis. The rationality of the West, owing to its origins in Greek and Judaeo-Christian culture, was almost predestined to reach the apogee of rationality that characterizes modernity, while it necessarily eluded ‘the East’ (though it subsequently became the object of externally induced and enforced rationalization).
Though the concrete causality of social processes and even epochal transformations can never be reduced to economic and technological sources, the forces and relations of production nevertheless, in the ﬁnal analysis, operate as the underlying dynamic motor of history – much like Weber’s process of ‘rationalization’, which is not itself conceived of as cause, in fact assumes the status of meta-cause whose historical eﬀectiveness underneath all the multi-causal interaction ultimately gives Weber’s history its direction.