Download Autism: Preparing for Adulthood by Patricia Howlin PDF

By Patricia Howlin

Autism is a life-long, frequently devastating sickness, that profoundly impacts virtually each element of an individual's functioning. Impairments in communique restrict the power to appreciate what's taking place or why, and make it virtually very unlikely to successfully keep watch over occasions, or humans or the enviroment. Autism: getting ready for maturity specializes in adults with autism and their households. by utilizing details from study reviews and remedy programmes, it offers a realistic source for folks, carers and autistic humans themselves. Autism: getting ready for maturity discusses the issues and the suggestions relating to academic and occupational attainments, methods of dealing with psychiatric and different problems, and the way to foster independence in later existence. the point of interest isn't really on 'cures' or 'miracles' yet at the development within the caliber of lifestyles for all involved. it's crucial analyzing for execs in education and perform in targeted wishes, speech and language treatment, social staff, social prone body of workers, psychiatrists, psychologists, paediatricians, teens with autism, their households and carers.

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Sample text

21 who were high-functioning, showed peculiar use of language, such as stereotyped and repetitive speech or talking to themselves. Academically, those in the ‘lower-functioning’ group had needed specialist education into late adolescence, but all had developed basic reading, writing and mathematical skills commensurate with their intellectual levels. In the higher-ability group, only 1 had remained in specialist educational provision, 5 had completed high school and 2 had attended junior college; several showed good ability in maths and 2 in foreign languages.

The problem is obviously most marked in individuals who have severe learning difficulties and little or no speech. For example, in a study by Gunsett and colleagues (1989), 9 out of 12 residents living in an institution, who had developed severe behavioural problems in adulthood, were found to have undiagnosed medical conditions, including fractures, urinary tract infections and toxic levels of anticonvulsants. Emotional or psychiatric disturbance may be even more difficult to convey and the ways in which language difficulties can disrupt normal diagnostic processes or lead to a failure to obtain appropriate help are described in further detail in Chapter 9.

The implications of such problems for education, work and general independence are also considered, and possible ways of enhancing the lives of individuals with autism, and those who live with them, are explored. 3 Problems of communication As follow-up studies have consistently indicated, the development of language is a factor of crucial importance for later outcome in autism. Unless some useful speech is acquired by around the age of 6 years, future development is likely to be severely limited.

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