By John B. Wolf
Traditionally, terrorist bands working in rural or city components use vio lence to solid themselves as a sound political strength. Necklacing, plac ing an oil-soaked tire round the neck of an informer after which igniting it, and knee-capping, positioning a handgun in the back of the kneecap of a "tout" (a police informer) after which squeezing the set off, are one of the enforcement equipment utilized by clandestine teams to manage "revo lutionary justice." Necklacing is utilized by the African nationwide Con gress (A.N.C.). Knee-capping is a conventional Irish Republican military (I. R. A.) tactic. Governments often lend credibility to the terrorists' declare of legitimacy via now not enforcing measures meant to extirpate them. usually, democratic societies worry that inflexible keep an eye on measures pose a risk to civil liberties. Reluctant to maneuver, a democracy is frequently ham strung by way of terrorists bent on manipulating its values. A media crusade, meant to mobilize public opinion opposed to the terrorists and garner mass aid for the govt and its keep watch over measures, is the linchpin of any antiterrorist crusade. Centralized intelligence-gathering is one other crucial part. Terrorism, while it turns into a standard crusade of bombings and different atrocities, isn't any longer an issue for simply the police and the military. the full society is affected. for instance, all teams comprising the multi ethnic popu- vii viii PREFACE tion of Sri Lanka and South Africa are shortly uncovered to the fear ist threat.
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26 CHAPTER 2 On March 9, 1983, the Turkish ambassador to Yugoslavia was ambushed by two gunmen as he sat in his car waiting for a traffic light to change at a wide intersection in Belgrade. The fleeing terrorists opened fire on bystanders, and a police officer who gave chase returned the fire. Two people were seriously wounded in the ensuing gunfight, a 24-yearold student who later died and a 58-year-old man. Ambassador Balkar died on March 11, 1983, of the wounds he received when he was bushwhacked.
Martin's Press, 1982), pp. 45-64. 2. : Hoover Institution Press, 1979), pp. 36, 117. 3. Anthony Mockler, The Mercenaries (New York: Macmillan Company, 1969), pp. 13-24. 4. R. W. Apple, "Trail of Mehmet Ali Agca: 6 Years of Neofascist Ties," The New York Times, May 25, 1981, p. 1; Matthew Conroy, "Terrorism Expert Calls Times Naive on Agca," The News World, May 26, 1981, p. ), December 30, 1982, p. 2. 5. 27. 6. Christopher Dobson and Ronald Payne, Counterattack: The West's Battle against the Terrorists (New York: Facts On File, 1982), pp.
Cadres of former police officers, particularly those experienced in combating urban terrorists or unraveling drug networks, are better suited for this task. They understand the warfare in the "back alleys" and the mentality of those who wage it. NOTES 1. "Three Davs of the Condor," Film Reuie,c Digest ed. David M. Brownstone and Irene '\1. Franck (Millwood, :'\J. : A. Hudson Group Periodical, Vol. I, T\o. 2, Winter, 1975), pp. 191-193. 2. David B. Tinnin and Dag Christensen, The Hit Team (Boston: Little, Brown, 1976), pp.