By Anthony Parsons
The Antarctic Treaty, manage in 1961 to supply a method for coping with diplomacy in Antarctica, could be reviewed in 1991. This e-book considers the query of the region's destiny with the evergrowing overseas curiosity within the zone as a resource of vital mineral assets. during this well timed survey, a research workforce introduced jointly by way of the David Davies Memorial Institute of overseas experiences seems on the political and environmental questions raised through the possibly conflicting curiosity in Antarctica: what are the stresses inner and exterior, at the Antarctica Treaty approach, and will it enhance to deal with them? If no longer, what's the most probably political outlook for Antarctica? including The Antartic Treaty Regime, edited by way of Gillian Triggs(CUP, 1987), which describes the parts of the Antartic Treaty method, Cambridge deals and authoritative foundation for the examine of the Antartic Treaty and its destiny.
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Additional resources for Antarctica: The Next Decade: Report of a Group Study Chaired by Sir Anthony Parsons (Studies in Polar Research)
The Treaty 'system', given direction by its Consultative Parties, and with its evolving fabric of recommendations, practices and understandings, seemed the surest guarantee that the balance would be maintained, perhaps even more than the legal content of the Treaty itself did. New members, and in particular, new Consultative Parties, joining with the knowledge of the Treaty's internal balance, and finding it useful, would be unlikely to challenge it. What has now begun to focus attention increasingly on the Antarctic Treaty arrangements, and which may even lead to the eventual replacement of the existing balance of interests, is the expression of a new category of interest in the area and its resources.
The Outer Space Treaty creates no 'steering committee', nor is a State required to qualify for membership by, say, placing a satellite in orbit or a man on the moon. Similarly, the demonstrated capacity to carry out deep sea-bed mining is not required for membership of the Council of the International Sea-bed Authority, nor does it confer special voting rights on a member. On the contrary, while a variety of economic 24 The Antarctic Treaty System under stress? considerations (and not merely financial capacity) are relevant in the election of some members of the Council, half the membership is elected on the basis of geography alone.
On the other hand, attitudes to the Treaty among the great majority of the developing countries seem to range from the indifferent and sceptical to the outspokenly critical. Recently, on the initiative of a group of States led by Malaysia, attention has been focused on fundamental questions regarding the Antarctic and its resources, and upon the need for co-operative measures to resolve them based on principles of common interest and universal participation. The Antarctic Treaty and the New International Economic Order Inter-dependence An essential element of the New International Economic Order (NIEO) is the concept of inter-dependence.