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By Michael Michie

An Enlightenment Tory in Victorian Scotland is a political and highbrow biography of Sir Archibald Alison (1792-1867), historian, social critic, felony attorney, and sheriff of Lanarkshire. the 1st writer to envision the whole variety of Alison's writings and actions, Michael Michie finds an important hyperlink among the Scottish Enlightenment and Victorian conservatism. Michie argues that Alison's conservative rules have been deeply prompted by way of the social and political considered the Scottish Enlightenment. He contends that Alison was once the embodiment of the excessive Tory appropriation of the legacy of Adam Smith really glaring within the trust that advertisement agrarian capitalist society used to be the main acceptable shape for either the upkeep of order and the perform of advantage. constructing the advice conservative interpretation of the enlightened legacy used to be attainable for the succeeding century, Michie's examine deals an invaluable corrective to the got knowledge that Victorian Liberalism used to be the real inheritor of the Scottish Enlightenment.

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Ironically, however, his Population, written against Malthus, owes a great deal of its argument to Smith. 69. Phillipson, Scottish Whigs, 25, 26. 70. Reid, Edmund Burke, 84. 2 "Laborious Lawyer79 In his study of church and university in the Scottish Enlightenment, Richard Sher notes the rise of "a new breed of literary lawyers" in the early years of the nineteenth century. " The term "class" in its modern sense did not become common until the early nineteenth century, however. Until then, social differentiation and stratification were indicated by the use of "rank," "order," "estate," "degree," or "sort" (or, in a transitional usage, the plural "classes").

Alison, Some Account, i: 44-5. 38. Alison was referring to this passage in Theory of Moral Sentiments (p. 222): "Do you wish to educate your children to be dutiful to their parents, to be kind and affectionate to their brothers and sisters? educate them in your own house ... Domestic education is the institution of nature; public education the contrivance of man. 39 Education in the home was an elite notion much favoured by the Enlightenment literati, and it underscores the conservative nature of the Scottish Enlightenment.

27 Moral corruption was especially prevalent in cities. " Young Archibald Alison, commenting on his father's allotment scheme for his parishioners, said that it "tended to enlist the active propensities on the side of virtue": Some Account, 1:12. 25. Sher, Church and University, 63-4. 26. The Rev. Archibald Alison, Sermons, I, sermon iv, 88, 81-2. John Dwyer (Virtuous Discourse, 38) suggests that three overlapping vocabularies can be distinguished in Moderate literature: the ancient civic humanist and Stoic discourses and the softer modern discourse of sensibility and sociability.

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