By Ron Field
The Mississippi River performed a decisive function within the American Civil battle. The accomplice fortifications that managed the reduce Mississippi valley have been placed to the attempt within the long Federal crusade of 1862-63. Vicksburg was once a citadel urban, often called the "Gibraltar of the Confederacy," whose trap is usually noticeable because the key to victory within the warfare.
This publication explores the fortifications of the river valley, concentrating on Vicksburg and its defenses which boasted a community of forts, rifle pits, and cannon embrasures surrounding the town and studying the strengths and weaknesses of the fortifications while lower than siege. additionally tested are various different fortified strongholds, together with New Orleans, Port Hudson, New Madrid and, forts Henry and Donelson, all lavishly illustrated with complete colour art and cutaways.
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Beyond this was a 6ft-high and 12ft-wide traverse, which enclosed the parapet at its western end while leaving the eastern end open. The brigade, under General Francis A. Shoup, consisting of the 26th, 27th, and 28th Louisiana, garrisoned this redoubt and manned the trenches at its front and either side. 34 The Stockade Redan complex during the siege of Vicksburg The Stockade Redan was the most northerly point in the defenses of Vicksburg. See the main text for full details. com 2 6 1 1 2 5 3 5 0 5 10 15 3 20 Scale for section views 25ft 4 The Stockade Redan complex during the siege of Vicksburg This rare view behind the Confederate lines near the Stockade Redan at Vicksburg is based on a sketch made with “a glass” from the Federal riﬂe pits.
You will get your head shot off. I just droped [sic] down when zip came a bullet. To say I was scared is mild. ” For protection against artillery ﬁre, the troops in both armies dug shelters in the reverse slope of their defense works. Reinforced with heavy timbers, they afforded some protection from enemy ﬁre. com Ephraim M. Anderson, Co. G, 2nd Missouri Infantry, whose brigade was held in reserve and often relieved the Louisianians, described these “rat holes” as follows: When stopping for several days at the same place, we were accustomed to dig holes to sleep in during the night, and generally had a blanket stretched over, or a covering of cane, bark, or anything else that was suitable and convenient to keep the sun out in the day.
Stevenson occupied the line from the railroad to the South Fort near the river below the city. Captain D. Wintter, commanding the small company of sappers and miners, was assigned to the line commanded by generals Smith and Forney, while Captain Powhatan Robinson, CS Engineers, had direct responsibility for the line commanded by General Stevenson. Work on the defenses was generally performed by fatigue parties detailed from each command to work within the limits of its own lines. Greatly strengthening the Confederate defenses was the irregular topography resultant from the peculiar characteristics of the loess soil of the region, which over the centuries had been cut into deep gullies and ravines by the action of running water.