By Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli
Because the key part in aluminum creation, bauxite has develop into essentially the most vital minerals of the final 100 years. to a few it introduced fiscal and political virtue, yet for lots of others, its improvement left a legacy of exploitation. Aluminum Ore explores the background of bauxite within the 20th century and the worldwide forces that this historical past represents, from its strategic improvement within the First global conflict to its function within the globalization of markets as businesses from the northern hemisphere vied for the assets of the south. that includes essays through students from worldwide, this wide-ranging assortment is a historical past of 1 crucial mineral and a brand new viewpoint on a time of change.
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Additional info for Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry
Gendron 29 Smith, Monopoly to Competition, 308. 30 US Bureau of Mines, Materials Survey, Bauxite (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1953), III-3. 31 Stephen Bunker and Paul Ciccantell, Globalization and the Race for Resources (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005), 66. 32 Ministere des Colonies, Plan Decennal pour le Developpement Economique et Social du Congo Belge, vol. 1 (Brussels: Les Editions de Visscher, 1949), 37-38. John Orchard, “ECA and the Dependent Territories,” Geographical Review 41, 1 (1951): 66-87; Allister Hinds, Britain’s Sterling Colonial Policy and Decolonization, 1939-1958 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001).
Although the European Recovery Program, also known as the Marshall Plan, is generally considered to have been a central tool in the American quest to create an open trading order after the Second World War, the case of Jamaican bauxite shows how national security concerns could facilitate the creation of new raw materials sources within the American security perimeter but beyond the boundaries of the American state. Like Perchard, Ingulstad emphasizes the importance of understanding the decision-making apparatus of the state, especially since the outcomes are negotiated by actors with different ideas about what constitutes the national interest.
This was the route followed by Sierragold Trust. This company was a curious mixture of business and politics. ”64 The founder of the company, Frederick William Dove, was a Sierra Leonean barrister who was deeply involved in the pan-African movement. In 1920, he had been one of the co-founders of the National Congress of British West Africa. 66 The company purchased land in the Gold Coast said to contain diamonds, gold, or manganese, the traditional export minerals of the colony, and hired an Australian mining engineer to explore the areas.