Download A Vertical Empire: History of the British Rocketry Programme by C. N. Hill PDF

By C. N. Hill

A Vertical Empire presents an outline of the British rocketry and house programme from the Nineteen Fifties to Seventies, detailing the Medium diversity Ballistic Missile Blue Streak and its conversion to a satellite tv for pc launcher as a part of the ecu Launcher improvement enterprise (ELDO). This greatly revised moment version comprises fabric simply made on hand long ago ten years and the textual content is supplemented via a variety of photos, sketches and records. The all-British satellite tv for pc Black Arrow is defined, in addition to the examine rocket Black Knight, the Blue metal missile and the rocket powered interceptor plane.

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Extra resources for A Vertical Empire: History of the British Rocketry Programme

Example text

Early test vehicle, fired from Aberporth in Wales, and later, the Rocket Test Vehicle 1 or RTV-1. Problems cooling the engine led to a change of fuel to a methanol/water mixture. As a consequence of work with Lizzie, it was realised that hydrocarbons did not act as good coolants for rocket engines, and that their flame temperatures are also relatively high, exacerbating the cooling problem. Kerosene was not considered again for rocket motors in Britain for some years. Snarler and Screamer In 1946 the Ministry of Supply asked Armstrong Siddeley Motors to develop a liquid fuel rocket motor with a thrust of 2,000 lb for use as a booster unit for fighters.

The usual method of doing this is the apogee motor, as discussed before. Bristol Siddeley came up with a design for a motor which used a motor with two large Figure 16. The RPE design for a chambers and two small chambers. The liquid hydrogen/oxygen third stage to large chambers would take the vehicle up to be used as part of a Blue Streak orbital height, but the small chambers launcher. would then be used to raise the orbit, with a Rocket Motors 47 burn time of two or three hours. To power such low thrust chambers with a pump was impractical.

From the physics point of view, the momentum given to the gases will be counteracted by an equal and opposite momentum given to the rocket. Rocket motors are designed to make this momentum change as large as possible. A change in momentum implies a force, since force × time = change in momentum. The force is given by change in momentum per second (strictly speaking, rate of change of momentum). This is usually referred to as the rocket thrust, measured in newtons, or, in Britain in the 1950s and 1960s, in lb – a shorthand for pounds force.

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