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By Robert B. Gordon

This booklet examines the commercial ecology of two hundred years of ironmaking with renewal power assets in northwestern Connecticut. It makes a speciality of the cultural context of people's judgements approximately know-how and the surroundings, and the sluggish transition they effected of their land from business panorama to pastoral countryside.

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Additional info for A Landscape Transformed: The Ironmaking District of Salisbury, Connecticut

Sample text

They included screw boxes, gudgeons (bearings) for Forbes & Adam, potash kettles, and twelve forge plates and an anvil of 1,330 pounds that James Boyd needed to enlarge his forge. Luther Holley & Son also supplied the community with daily necessities: oats, rye, wheat, tobacco, rum, brooms, tallow, axes, shovels, powder, shot, shoes, cloth, sugar, tea, and, for the miners, blasting powder. In 1815 Holley and Coffing included construction of a general store on the furnace premises in their partnership agreement.

42 A Landscape Transformed In the first decade of the new Republic, foreign trade, principally with the West Indies, began to generate wealth that Connecticut merchants could invest in new ventures. Establishment of banks by 1792, and of insurance companies after 1794, facilitated expansion of industry. The Hunt brothers moved into this growing market by making industrial products such as large ship's anchors, screw-press screws, and machinery forgings for Robert Fulton's Clermont, launched in 1807.

4-mile trip. 8-mile descent of 124 feet from the mine brought a teamster to turnpikes that reached the forges in New Preston, Woodville, and Bantam. These turnpikes afforded better surfaces and easier gradients than the town roads. Roads had to cross the numerous streams that gave the district its abundant waterpower resources. Carpenters built timber trestles constructed like a barn floor with girts and planks to place between stone abutments Resources Discovered 17 Fig. 2,4. Turnpike companies began building roads through the northwest in 1797 and within a decade had completed a network that connected the region's ironworks to the Hudson River ports and the principal cities and towns of Connecticut.

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