By K.E. Michelson
This paintings is predicated on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the dep. of Linguistics at Harvard collage, even though it represents an in depth revision and reorganization of that paintings. quite a lot of fabric that weren't inside the unique were extra, and elements that deal with theoretical matters that, not less than at the moment, have receded into the history, were passed over. Many colleagues and neighbors have contributed to my sustained fascina tion with in addition to my realizing of lroquoian linguistics. to start with, i'm thankful to the Iroquois who've contributed their profound knowl facet and their friendship in the course of my learn: Elda Antone, Mercy Doxtator, Dayton Doxtator, Reg Henry, Frank Natawe, the past due Georgina Nicholas, Catherine Norton, Mike Norton. the past due Sanford Schenandoah, and Norma Sickles. I additionally deeply savour being a part of a close-knit and supportive group of lroquoian linguists, and specifically I thank Cliff Abbott, Wallace Chafe, Mike Foster, Marianne Mithun, and Hanni Woodbury for offering reviews at the dissertation. i've got additionally benefited from, and price hugely, super stimulating conversations with Floyd Lounsbury within the previous few years. The impact of my advisers and pals could be obtrusive through the paintings. I thank particularly Nick Clements, Ives Goddard, Jochem Schindler, Robin Barr, Harry Bochner, Brian Doherty, Mark Hale, and Phil LeSourd.
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Extra resources for A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent
Wa -+ u The sequences wa? + wa and a + wa are replaced by the single segment U (Q) when at least part of the sequence is in the domain of the prepronominal plus pronominal prefixes. Mohawk examples are given below; examples that show the underlying morphemes on the surface are given for comparison. (154) ukenyaker war-wak-nyak-r 16 I got married FACT-IP-get married-PUNC (155) d. warkatkahthor war-k-atkahtho-r I looked at it FACT-lA-look at-PUNC (156) d. wakatkahthu wak-atkahth( 0 )-u I already looked at it I P-Iook at-STAT (157) aukenya'ku aa-wak-nyak-u I should have got married OPT-IP-get married-STAT (158) d .
8. 9. 1. Loss of r or I from Masculine Prefixes A number of the pronominal prefixes that indicate a masculine agent or patient may be analyzed as containing the underlying sequence hr or hI in Mohawk and Oneida. A partial list of these prefixes follows in (55); the solidus (I) separates alternants that are not accounted for by the processes described here. Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca have lost the *r of the prefixes. For example, corresponding to Mohawk hra-Iha- (MA), they have constant ha-. ) (55) hrahro-/hraw-/hrahrati-/hru-/hrun- 7 hroti-/hron- hri-/hriyhruwa-/hruway~ masculine singular agent (MA) masculine singular patient (MP) masculine plural agent (MpA) masculine plural patient (MpP) first person singular agent acting on a masculine singular patient (11M) feminine-indefinite or 3rd person nonsingular agent acting on masculine singular patient (F1M, Mdp/M, Zdp/M) All of these prefixes have alternants without r.
In addition, accent was not penultimate if the penult contained the epenthetic "joiner" vowel a, which separated a consonantfinal incorporated noun root from a following consonant-initial verb root. , the antepenult was accented, and an open accented antepenult was lengthened (- VCCaCVC" # or - V' CaCVC:, #, where a represents the joiner vowel and CC represents a cluster of two or more consonants). I This chapter describes to what extent each of the LI languages has preserved the PLI pattern and the development of new accent and vowel lengthening rules that led to more patterns in each language.