The Emissary: GD Birla, Gandhi and Independence India

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Language: English

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I can detect no inconsistency in declaring that I can, without in any way whatsoever impairing the dignity of Hinduism, pay equal homage to the best of Islam, Christianity, Zoroastrianism and Judaism. In one instant, he turned his wife’s face from beautiful to horrendously scarred. So the actions of our former body does not die with the body. The Bhagavad-gita, which means the song of Bhagavan, or God, is a part of the Mahabharata, appearing in the middle of it.

Pages: 288

Publisher: The Harvill Press (September 8, 1986)

ISBN: 0002720671

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The earliest evidence for prehistoric religion in India date back to the late Neolithic in the early Harappan period (5500–2600 BCE). [18] [19] The beliefs and practices of the pre-classical era (1500–500 BCE) are called the "historical Vedic religion" A Frank Friendship: Gandhi and Bengal: A Descriptive Chronology. He considered it a positive sign and was heartened to see this discontent, which he thought would be a prelude to progress. Gandhi found that there were many Brahmins, too, who were working very hard for the uplift of the untouchables. Giving the example of Govind Krishna Gokhale, Gandhi writes, “It is possible to make out a long list of Brahmins who have stood up for equality between man and man Walking Alone: Gandhi and India's Partition. On December 31, 1929 a civil disobedience movement was started in India and January 26, 1930 was declared Independence Day Gandhi Ambedkar Dispute. Shankara taught that plurality is an illusion (maya) and that moksa results from realization (cit, awareness) of absolute identification of atman with Brahman. When the knowledge that “everything is indeed the absolute” (sarvan khalu ilam brahman) is achieved by deep meditation and mental discipline (yoga), the atman is freed of ignorance (avidya) and is forever liberated from samsara Mahatma Gandhi 1924. Even though Gandhi advocated satyagraha, he did not support passive resistance. A third source that significantly inspired Gandhi and his actions is the Bhagavad Gita Gandhi in the West: The Mahatma and the Rise of Radical Protest. I am also a Christian, a Muslim, a Buddhist and a Jew.” With the indomitable spirit of Gandhi in mind, we’ve chosen some of his most inspiring quotes from our own virtual library to share with you Daughter of Midnight: The Child Bride of Gandhi. Religions breed a “no-questioning-allowed” spirit, to ensure their own survival. This spirit is repressive, preventing the natural evolutionary process by which bad ideas are excised and good ones imported into a culture. It is not an act of patriotism to defend every single aspect of one’s culture, by placing them all under the banner of religious protection Mohandas K. Gandhi, Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth.

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Each of the four varṇas consists of hundreds of jātis (birth lines, or subcastes) that also observe ranking among themselves. Duties also varied with respect to stages in life. A twice-born male was to spend the first twelve years after initiation with a reputable teacher (brahmacarya). He then had to marry and to procreate children. After the children had grown up he was to live as a forest-dweller in a life of simplicity and meditation Reflections of an Extraordinary Era. It means setting of one’s whole soul against the will of the tyrant. Only a person who has overcome fear can be truly non-violent. It not only enables us to conquer the opponent but also elevates us inwardly and unites us with all our fellowmen. It calls forth the highest and noblest within us because it is based on love. Sometimes Ghandijee almost identified non-violence with love Gandhi and Nationalism: The Path to Indian Independence. In reply I urge people outside of India to try and keep in mind my role as the messenger in this matter. I am the publisher of the Ambedkar Journal, founded in 1996, which was the first publication on the internet to address the Dalit question from the Dalits viewpoint. Gopinath, who includes in his c.v. being Managing Editor of the Dalit Voice newspaper and then going on to found Times of Bahujan, national newspaper of the Bahujan Samaj Party, India's Dalit party and India's youngest and third largest national party Social and Political Philosophy: Readings From Plato to Gandhi.

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It is a way of life and nothing more". [83] Part of the problem with a single definition of the term "Hinduism" is the fact that Hinduism does not have a founder. [84] It is a synthesis of various traditions, [85] the "Brahmanical orthopraxy, the renouncer traditions and popular or local traditions." [77] Some Hindu philosophies postulate a theistic ontology of creation, of sustenance, and of the destruction of the universe, yet some Hindus are atheists, as they view Hinduism more as philosophy than religion.[ citation needed ] Despite the differences, there is also a sense of unity. [86] Most Hindu traditions revere a body of religious or sacred literature, the Vedas, [87] although there are exceptions. [88] These texts are a reminder of the ancient cultural heritage and point of pride for Hindus, [89] [90] with Louis Renou stating that "even in the most orthodox domains, the reverence to the Vedas has come to be a simple raising of the hat". [89] [91] Halbfass states that, although Shaivism and Vaishaism may be regarded as "self-contained religious constellations", [86] there is a degree of interaction and reference between the "theoreticians and literary representatives" [86] of each tradition which indicates the presence of "a wider sense of identity, a sense of coherence in a shared context and of inclusion in a common framework and horizon". [86] The notion of common denominators for several religions and traditions of India was already noted from the 12th century CE on. [92] Lorenzen traces the emergence of a "family resemblance", and what he calls as "beginnings of medieval and modern Hinduism" taking shape, at c. 300-600 CE, with the development of the early Puranas, and continuities with the earlier Vedic religion. [93] Lorenzen states that the establishment of a Hindu self-identity took place "through a process of mutual self-definition with a contrasting Muslim Other." [94] According to Lorenzen, this "presence of the Other" [94] is necessary to recognise the "loose family resemblance" among the various traditions and schools, [95] According to Nicholson, already between the 12th and the 16th centuries "certain thinkers began to treat as a single whole the diverse philosophical teachings of the Upanishads, epics, Puranas, and the schools known retrospectively as the "six systems" (saddarsana) of mainstream Hindu philosophy." [96] The tendency of "a blurring of philosophical distinctions" has also been noted by Burley. [97] Hacker called this "inclusivism" [87] and Michaels speaks of "the identificatory habit". [12] Lorenzen locates the origins of a distinct Hindu identity in the interaction between Muslims and Hindus, [98] and a process of "mutual self-definition with a contrasting Muslim other", [99] [note 12] which started well before 1800. [100] Michaels notes: As a counteraction to Islamic supremacy and as part of the continuing process of regionalization, two religious innovations developed in the Hindu religions: the formation of sects and a historicization which preceded later nationalism [...] [S]aints and sometimes militant sect leaders, such as the Marathi poet Tukaram (1609-1649) and Ramdas (1608-1681), articulated ideas in which they glorified Hinduism and the past Gandhi, Ganga, Giriraj.

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Mohandas Gandhi was born in Porbander, western India, on 2nd October, 1869. At school, he was introverted and lacked confidence. In those days, child marriage was in vogue. So, Gandhi married Kasturbai, when he was thirteen years old Gandhi's Prisoner?: The Life of Gandhi's Son Manilal. Within Hinduism there are various schools of thought, which Hindu scholars have systematized in different ways. All of these schools have enriched Hinduism with their individual emphases: Nyāya on rigorous logic, Vaiseshika on atoms and the structure of matter, Sānkhya on numbers and categories, Yoga on meditation techniques, Mīmāmsā on the analysis of sacred texts, and Vedānta on the nature and experience of spirituality My Days with Gandhi. This Absolute god-principle did not create the scriptures, but as eternal truth they are part of his essence. They are thought to have co-existed with the Absolute, and pre-existed in the Absolute Political Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi. We must be sure, however, that it is non-violence and not a cloak for cowardice. Hinduism with its message of ahimsa is to me the most glorious religion in the world -- as my wife to me is the most beautiful woman in the world -- but others may feel the same about their own religion. Religion is outraged when an outrage is perpetrated in its name. Almost all the riots in the unhappy land take place in the name of religion, though they might have a political motive behind them The Bhagavad Gita According to Gandhi. A man's coerced confession to an IRA bombing he did not commit results in the imprisonment of his father as well. Lawrence, the English officer who successfully united and lead the diverse, often warring, Arab tribes during World War I in order to fight the Turks The Moral and Political Thought of Mahatma Gandhi. There is no gulf between the two" (IVL 181). Perhaps the most understudied dimension of Radhakrishnan's interpretations of experience is his recognition of "supernormal" experiences Mahatma Gandhi and National Integration. One of the most influential Vaisnava cults was founded by Vallabhacarya, a Telugu Brahmin who lived in the 15th century. He migrated to the North and in his numerous works in the North he gave an interpretation of the Vedanta differing from that of Ramanuja, as also of Sankara Gandhi: A Prophecy. Gandhi was commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, a title derived from the Sanskrit for "Great Soul." In some respects, Gandhi not only represents the best elements of Hinduism, he also was interested in the reform of this and other world religions, which he acknowledged, sometimes are applied and interpreted in ways that keep the poor and oppressed peoples of the planet in a permanent state of powerlessness Tagore and Gandhi: Confluence of Minds. In doing so I will concentrate on the chaturvarnya (four-fold division of society) aspect of varna-vyavastha Gandhi and Tagore: Politics, truth and conscience. Considering the teachings of Gandhi allows the world to view the philosophy of a man from a country where people have continually had to struggle for survival. Although western culture has certainly thrived at a much higher material level than the countries that we consider to be Third World nations, we nevertheless need to consider contributions made by a man such as Gandhi who represents one of the most oppressed cultures in the world A Chronological Biography of Mahatma Gandhi. Poet-saints such as Kabir Kabir was a late 15th and early 16th century poet-saint of North India who glimpsed and praised the one, formless God who could not be confined within the religious establishments of either the Hindus or the Muslims Aurobindo, Gandhi and Roy: A Yogi, a Mahatma and a Rationalist.