Quarkonia (Current Physics - Sources and Comments)

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There are four further types, or flavours, of quarks known: the strange (s), charm (c), top (t) and bottom (b) quarks. For atoms and molecules, it is the sum of the spins of unpaired electrons that gives rise to paramagnetism. Furthermore, the relative importance of ``valence'', ``cloud'', and ``sea'' quarks is determined. Topics covered in the first quarter include special relativity, differential geometry, the equivalence principle, the Einstein field equations, and experimental and observational tests of gravitation theories.

Pages: 326

Publisher: North Holland (December 2, 2012)


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